Prof. M Wijeratne

BSc Agric (SL), LLB (OUSL), MSc Agric.Econ (Ghent), PhD (Wageningen)

Senior Professor in Agric Economics & Extension
Proctor - University of Ruhuna
Director - OTS, HETC Project
Dept of Agricultural Economics & Extension
Faculty of Agriculture, University of Ruhuna, Sri Lanka

Phone

:

+94 41 22 92 385 / +94 41 22 92 200 / Ext 215

Fax

:

+94 41 22 92 385

E-mail

:

mahindaw@agecon.ruh.ac.lk

mahindal@sltnet.lk

   

FULL NAME

Mahinda Wijeratne

 

PERSONAL

Born April 25, 1952

Married, 2 children

 

NATIONALITY

Sri Lankan

 

LANGUAGE ABILITY

English excellent

Sinhala mother tongue excellent

 

AREAS OF SPECIALIZATION

  • Agricultural Economics, Extension Science, Farming Systems, Environmental Policy and Evaluation, Participatory Techniques, Community Development

 

ACHIEVEMENTS

  • CVCD Excellence Award for the Most Outstanding Researcher in Social Sciences,by the H.E. President Sri Lanka, Dec, 2010

  • Award for Most Outstanding Scholar 2008, University of Ruhuna, Sri Lanka,Feb, 2009

  • Received the National research award from Sri Lanka Association for Advancement of science (SLAAS) in the 2007 for the National research contribution

  • Award for Most Outstanding Sri Lankan Researcher conferred by SLASS, 2006, Dec.

  • Won the Research Award from the Nuffield foundation, United Kingdom, 1995 Commonwealth Academic Fellowship in 1994

  • Won the Commonwealth Academic Award in 1994 and spent the sabbatical year at the University of Reading, United Kingdom, during 1994-95

 

HIGHER EDUCATION

  • Obtained a LLB degree form the Open University, Nawala, Colombo, Sri Lanka in 2001

  • Obtained a Doctoral Degree from the Agricultural University, Wageningen, the Netherlands in 1988

  • Obtained an MSc (Agric. Econ.) with a distinction from the Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, State University of Ghent, Belgium in 1984

  • Obtained a Second Class Honours Degree in BSc (Agric.) from the Faculty of Agriculture, University of Sri Lanka, Peradeniya Campus, Sri Lanka in 1977

 

PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE

  • Consultant to International Water Management Institute (IWMI) - Carried out the final evaluation of Kirindi Oya Irrigation and Settlement Project (KOISP), An ADB/ IWMI Assignment, 1994

  • Consultant to Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA). Team Leader of the study team on Human Resources Development Programme, Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) University of Ruhuna, A joint venture, 1998

  • Consultant to TEAMS. Team Leader of the evaluation team- Hambantota Irrigation Rehabilitation Project (HIRP). This investigation made a benchmark study for irrigation systems-Kirama Oya, Urubokku Oya, Muruthawela, Walawe, and Badagiriya, 2002

  • Consultant to FAO. Conducted Socio-economic Baseline Study and Participatory Rural Appraisal for the Special Project on Food Security (SPFS), 2003

  • Consultant to North East Irrigated Agriculture Project (NEIAP). Conducted a study on Productivity Enhancement of Major Irrigation Settlement Schemes. A World Bank / TEAMS Assignment, 2003

  • Consultant to CARE International. Conducted a Study on Support in the Designing and Implementation of Agricultural Demonstration in the Dry Zone Areas. An Europien union/ CARE assignment 2003

  • Consultant to Rural Enterprise Development Services (REDS), Sarvodaya conducted evaluation studies on agricultural projects

  • Administrative experience as Head, Department of Agricultural Economics,Faculty of Agriculture, University of Ruhuna, Sri Lanka, for 10 years

  • Leader of the research team - Equity Implications of Reforms in the Financing and Delivery of Agricultural Extension Services. This is a five country collaborative project in Asia (Nepal, Sri Lanka), Africa (Ghana, Uganda) and Latin America (Colombia) co-ordinated by the Agricultural Extension and Rural Development Department (AERDD), University of Reading, United Kingdom. 1999

  • Co-ordinator of the community research and extension programme on Community Participation of Integrated Pest Management under CEIF, Ministry of Forestry and Environment, Sri Lanka, 1999 -2002

  • Conducted field research studies under grants of CARP, NSF, NSC, etc

  • Consultant to World Bank, Caritas, Save the Children, Green Resources Agency (Japan) ,etc

 

PROFESSIONAL MEMBERSHIP

  • Member of the Board of study and serve in the teaching panel, Agricultural Extension, Post Graduate Institute of Agriculture, (PGIA), University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka

  • Member of the Academic Affairs Board, National Institute of Social Development (NISD), Ministry of Social Services, 2001 to date

  • Controlling Chief (2002) and Member of the Controlling Chief Examiners, G.C.E (A/L)- Agriculture, Department of Examinations, Ministry of Education, Sri Lanka, 1997- to date

  • Principal investigator of the research study on Bridging the Rice Yield Gap: A contribution to increase national yield ceiling. A research study awarded by the National Research Council (NRC), Sir Lanka, 1999 to date

  • Leader of the research team; Human and Social Capital in the Diffusion of Low External Input Agricultural Technology, A research study of Overseas Development Institute (ODI) and DFID on going

  • Team member of the research team; Interactions between the Environment, Society and Technology (INTEREST), A research study of Rubber Research Institute (RRI) and IACR Rothamstead, UK and financed by Europien Union - on going

  • Member of the Regional Programme Team of CARE on Integrated Pest Management

  • Member of scientific and professional bodies such SLAAS (4671/ F), FSR/E, AFSRE, Wild Life and Nature Protection Association and also served in many committees

 

PARTICIPATION IN INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCES AND SEMINARS

  • Participated in the Third EC Conference on Energy from Bio- mass held at Foundazione cini, Italy, in 1985

  • Participated in Farming System Research Symposium, University of Arkansas, USA, in 1987

  • Participated in the Regional Conference of gender issues in Agriculture, held at Manila, Philippines, in1990

  • Participated in Farming System Research and Extension, Michigan State University, USA, in 1991

  • Participated in Second Asian Farming Symposium, Bandaranayaka Memorial International Conference Hall, Colombo, Sri Lanka, in 1992

  • Participated in the International Symposium in Agricultural Extension, held at CORI, Lucca, Italy, in 1992

  • Participated in the working group session on Pesticide Misuse, University of Reeding, United Kingdom, in 1997

  • Participated in the workshop on Equity Implications of Reforms in the Financing and Delivery of Agricultural Extension Services, University of Reeding, United Kingdom, in 1998

  • Participated in the workshop on Regional Agricultural Education by Agricultural Cooperatives: Education for Rural Development, Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Japan, in 2001

  • Participated in the first review conference on Interactions between the Environment , Society and Technology (INTEREST), Kathmandu, Nepal, in 2002

  • Participated in the second review conference on Interactions between the Environment , Society and Technology (INTEREST), Goa, India, in 2003

  • Participated in the conference on Human and social capital in low external input agriculture, London 22-23, Jan 2004

 

REPRESENTATION IN BOARDS AND SOCIETIES

  • Member of the Board of study and serve in the teaching panel, Agricultural Extension, Post Graduate Institute of Agriculture, (PGIA), University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka

  • Director, International Services of Rotary International, Matara, Sri Lanka

  • President, Ruhuna University Union of Senior Academics (RUUSA), University of Ruhuna, Matara

 

RESEARCH ENGAGEMENT

  • Conducted field research studies under grants of CARP, NSF, NSC, etc

 

PUBLICATIONS

  • 50 Journal Articles, 85 Short Communications, 35 Monographs and Texts, 8 Editorial work

BOOKS

 

Wijeratne, M. and Wijeratne, V. 2006. Consequences of Pesticide Use and Practical Solutions , New Galle Printers, Horana, Sri Lanka, 98.

 

Wijeratne, M.; De Silva, N.; and Sandika, A.L. 2005. Use of Participatory Rural Appraisal Principles in Agricultural Development , A.J. Prints, Dehiwala, Sri Lanka, 91.

 

Wijeratne, M. 2002. Use of Agricultural Extension Concepts in Agricultural Development in Rajapakse, R. and Wickremasinghe, M. P. V (Eds), Pest Management for Environmental Friendly Agriculture, Chapter 8, Planning and Monitoring Unit of Southern Province, Galle, 67-71.

 

Wijeratne, M. and De Silva, W.N. 2001. An Approach to Participatory Integrated Pest Management , A.J. Prints, Dehiwala, Sri Lanka, 187.

 

EDITORIAL WORK

 

Wijeratne, M. 1992. Management of Agricultural Extension: Challenges for 1990's, Sri Lanka Agricultural Extension Association, Colombo, Sri Lanka.

 

Niranjan, S.K.D.F.F. and Wijeratne, M. 2000. South Asian Preferential Trading Agreement (SAPTA) and Its Implications on the Food Crops Sector of Sri Lanka, Proceedings of a Workshop, Council for Agricultural Research Policy (CARP), Colombo, Sri Lanka.

 

Wijeratne, M., Sivayoganathan, C., Jayatilake, M.W.A.P, Meegahawatta, .K. and Widanapathirana, A. 1992. Profiles of Agricultural Extension Organizations in Sri Lanka, Sri Lanka Agricultural Extension Association, Colombo, Sri Lanka, 85.

 

MONOGRAPHS

 

Wijeratne, M. 1982. Marketing of Agricultural and Fish Products in the Matara District, Research series No. M/651, Marga Institute, No.61, Isipathana Mawatha, Colombo 5, Sri Lanka, 50.

 

Wijeratne, M. 1988. Farmer, Extension and Research in Sri Lanka, An empirical study of agricultural knowledge system with special reference to Matara district, Agricultural University Wageningen, the Netherlands.

 

Wijeratne, M. 1993. Programme Evaluation of Sarvodaya Rural Enterprises Development Services, Sarvodaya Rural Enterprises Development Services, No.36, Pirivena Road, Rathmalana, Sri Lanka, 28.

 

Wijeratne, M. 1994. An Evaluation of Technical Recommendations Granted for a Credit Programme, Sarvodaya Rural Enterprises Development Services, Ratmalana, Sri Lanka, 38.

 

Wijeratne, M. 1995. Crop Production (Chapter 5) Kirindi Oya Irrigation and Settlement Project, Project Impact Evaluation Study (Vol.2), International Irrigation Management Institute,. Colombo, 141 - 164.

 

Wijerane, M.2000. Legal Implications of Tissue Culture and Plantation Project Adjoining the Bundala National Park : A Case Study on Environmental Law, The open University of Sri Lanka, Nawala, Nugegoda, Sri Lanka, 52.

 

Wijeratne, M 2002. Investigation of Hambantota Irrigation Rehabilitation Project, Teams, Colombo, Sri Lanka.

 

Wijeratne, M. 2002. Use of Agricultural Extension Concepts in Agricultural Development in Rajapakse, R. and Wickremasinghe, M. P. V (Eds), Pest Management for Environmental Friendly Agriculture ( mrsir ys;ld+ lDIs lRudka;h i[2yd m md,kh), Chapter 8, Planning and Monitoring Unit of Southern Province, Galle, 67-71.

 

Wijeratne, M. 2003. Results of Socio- Economic Baseline Survey (SEBS) and Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) Activities in Southern Province, FAO UN, Colombo, Sri Lanka, 83.

 

Wijeratne, M. and De Silva, W.N. 1998. Equity Implication of Reforms in the Financing and Delivery of Agricultural Extension Services: Sri Lanka, Department of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development (AERDD), University of Reading, United Kingdom, 57.

 

Wijeratne, M. and De Silva, W.N. 1998. Equity Implication of Agricultural Extension Reforms: Procedings of a workshop, Galle, 20pp.

 

Wijeratne, M. and De Silva, W.N. 2001. An Approach to Participatory Integrated Pest Management , A.J. Prints, Dehiwala, Sri Lanka, 187.

 

Wanigasundera, W. A. D. P and Wijeratne, M. 2003. Dry Zone Agricultural Development Project (DZADP): Support in the design and implementation of agricultural demonstrations in the dry zone, Care International , Kandy, Sri Lanka, 77.

 

Wijeratne, M.; De Silva, N.; and Sandika, A.L. 2005. Use of Participatory Rural Appraisal Principles in Agricultural Development , A.J. Prints, Dehiwala, Sri Lanka, 91.

 

Amarasinghe, O.; Wijeratne, M.; and Bandulal, W. 1991. Performances of Cacao as an Inter-crop in Coconut Lands: A Case Study, Department of Agric. Economics and Extension, University of Ruhuna, Kamburupitiya, Sri Lanka, 18.

 

Dharmasena, K.G.C.; Reusche, G.A.; Wijeratne M.; and Madawanarachchi, W.P. 1990. A Survey of the Seed Supply and Distribution of Paddy Varieties Originating at the Bombuwela Research Station, Diversified Agricultural Research Project, Department of Agriculture, Peradeniya, Sri Lanka, and United States Agency for International Development, 62.

 

Dissanayake, A.; Wijesuriya, W.; Wijeratne, M.; Edirisinghe, J.; Edirisinghe, S.N.; Herath, K.; and Abeywardene, V. 2003. Development of Rubber Sector through Participatory Interactions, Smallholdersperceptions on the Thurusaviya programme and suggestions for improvements, Rubber Research Institute of Sri Lanka, 30.

 

Wijesuriya, W.; Wijeratne, M.; Dissanayake, A.; Tillekereatne, L.M.K.; Herath, K.; Edirisinghe, J.; and Abeywardene, V. 2003. Information Generation and Knowledge Development for the Ecosystem Assessment: Smallholder Rubber Sector in Sri Lanka, Rubber Research Institute of Sri Lanka, 33.

 

Delpachitra, U.; Wijeratne, M.; and Senanayaka, G. 2003. Productivity Enhancement Study of Muthukandiya Iriigation, Dranage and Settlement Scheme, TEAMS Consultants, Colombo, Sri Lanka.

 

Tripp, R.; Wijeratne, M.; and Piyadasa, H. 2006. After School: The Outcome of Farmer Field Schools in Southern Sri Lasnka in Tripp ,R.(ed); Self- Sufficient Agriculture, Labour and Knowledge in Small-Scale Farming (Chapter 7), 160-186.

 

Wijeratne, M; Amarasinghe, J.; and Wickramaratne, A. 2005. Predicted outcomes of paddy cultivation; An Environmental impact study of Katagamuwa sanctuary, Department of Agric. Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Ruhuna, Mapalana, Sri Lanka.

 

PAPERS PRESENTED IN CONFERENCES

 

Tripp, R.; Wijeratne, M.; and Piyadasa V.H. 2005. What Should We Expect from Farm Field school? A Sri Lanka Case Study. World Development, Vol.33, No.10, 1705-1720.

 

Seneviratne, M.A.P.K.; Wanigasundara, W.A.D.P.; Wijeratne, M. 2005. Use of Seasoning Mixtures for Enhancing Flow of Sap of Kitul (Caryota urens L.) in Sri Lanka. Tropical Agricultural Research, Vol. 17, 264-270.

 

Edirisinghe, J.; Wijesuriya, W.; Dissanayake, D.M.A.P.; Wijeratne, M.; Herath, K.; and Abeywardene, V. 2004. Marketing in the smallholder Rubber Sector:Existing Status and Possible Improvements. Proceedings of the First Symposium on Plantation Crop Research, Bandaranaike Memorial International Conference Hall, Colombo, Sri Lanka, July., 217-227.

 

Tripp, R.; Wijeratne, M.; and Piyadasa, H. 2004. After school: The outcome of farmer field schools in southern Sri Lanka, Paper presented at the Conference on Human and social capital in low extensive input agriculture, London 22-23, June, 2004.

 

Jayamanna, V. S.; Wijeratne M.; and Wijayaratna C.M. 2003. Adoptability of New Technology in the Small- Holdings Tea Sector in the Low Country of Sri Lanka. Journal of Agriculture in the Tropics and Subtropics, Vol.103, No.2., 125-132.

 

Wijeratne, M. 2001. Application and Education of Information Technology for Rural Development, Proceedings of a seminar on Regional Agricultural Education by Agricultural Cooperatives: Education for Rural Development, Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Hokkaido, Japan. 79-89.

 

Wijeratne, M 1998. An FSR/E Application: Identification of targets for technology generation and transfer, Journal of Agriculture in the Tropics along with Subtropics, Vol. 99, 195- 203.

 

Wijeratne, M.; Amarasinghe, J.; and Wickramaratne, A.; 2006. An Environmental Impact Study of Paddy cultivation within Katagamuwa Sanctuary, Abstracts: the 10th Anniversary International Symposium: Issues and Challenges of the 21st Century, University of Sabaragamuwa, Belihuloya, Sri Lanka, July.,1.

 

Wijeratne, M.; De Silva, N.; and Koralagama, D.; 2006. Restoration and Rehabilitation of Tsunami Affected Production Systems: A Case Study in Hambantota District, Abstracts: the 10th Anniversary International Symposium: Issues and Challenges of the 21st Century, University of Sabaragamuwa, Belihuloya, Sri Lanka, July., 34.

 

Fernando, N.; Wijesuriya, W.; and Wijeratne, M.; 2006. Application of Quantitative Techniques for PRA Tools. Abstracts: the 10th Anniversary International Symposium: Issues and Challenges of the 21st Century, University of Sabaragamuwa, Belihuloya, Sri Lanka, July., 250.

 

Wijesuriya, W.; Dissanayaka, D.M.A.P.; Herath, H.M.L.K.; Wijeratne, M.; Edirisinghe, J.C.; and Abeywardena, O.V. 2004. Interactions between the environment, society and technology: smallholder rubber sector in Sri Lanka. Biometry conference , Australia. (accepted for publication).

 

RECENT PUBLICATIONS

 

Wijeratne, M.; and Piyadasa V.H. 2005. Effects of Farm field Schools programme on pest control practices: a case study. Proceedings, 61st annual session of the Sri Lanka Association for the Advancement of Science (SLASS), Dec., 95.

 

Wijeratne, M.; and Piyadasa V.H. 2005. Knowledge diffusion: farm Field School as an Agric. extension technique. Proceedings, 61st annual session of the Sri Lanka Association for the Advancement of Science (SLASS), Dec., 96.

 

Wijeratne, M.; and Perera, G.D. 2005. Misuse of weedicides and their effects on tea. Proceedings, 61st annual session of the Sri Lanka Association for the Advancement of Science (SLASS), Dec., 96-97.

 

Wijeratne, M.; and Pavithra, B.H.K.W. 2005. Impact of deep sea fishing technologies on fisherwomen. Proceedings, 61st annual session of the Sri Lanka Association for the Advancement of Science (SLASS), Dec., 98.

 

Wijeratne, M.; Wickramaratne, M.A.P.D.P.; and De Silva W.N. 2005. Application of Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) techniques in rural development peogramme: Case study in Elpitiya watta village. Proceedings, 61st annual session of the Sri Lanka Association for the Advancement of Science (SLASS), Dec., 97

 

Wijeratne, M.; Wickramaratne, M.A.P.D.P.; and De Silva W.N. 2005. Eco-system analysis of a village within Victoriya, Randenigala, Rantambe (VRR) sanctuary: Case study in Lihiniyagala village. Proceedings, 61st annual session of the Sri Lanka Association for the Advancement of Science (SLASS), Dec., 97-98.

 

Singhapura, S.D.D.P.; Abeysekera, T.; and Wijeratne, M. 2005. Fresh fruit and vegetable marketing system in Sri Lanka: Emerging changes and their implications. Proceedings, Sixth Annual Research Session of Agriculture Graduates, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Ruhuna, Sri Lanka. 13-15.

 

Wijeratne, M.; Piyadasa, H.; and Wijeratne, V. 2004. Impact assessment of an agricultural extension approach: a case of Farmer Field Schools Programme, Paper presented at the Conference on Sri Lanka Challenges of a Society in Transition, Faculty of Graduate Studies, University of Colombo, Sri Lanka, Dec.

 

Wijesuriya W.; Dissanayaka, D.M.A.P.; Wijeratne, M.; Herath, H.; and Edirisinghe, J.C. 2004. Reasons for abandoning rubber cultivation: A case study using Bayesian Network (BN) approach, RRI Bulletin, Vol 45, 32-38.

 

Wijeratne, M.; De Silva W.N.; and Sandika, A.L. 2004. Impact of farmer field schools on farmers knowledge: the IPM experience in Sri Lanka, International Rice Research Notes, Vol. 29.1/2004, 78.

 

Chandrika, H.L.; Jayasinghe, A.P.R.; and Wijeratne, M. 2004. Impact evaluation of alternative crops for a water short irrigation system: a case study of kirindi Oya Irrigation and Settlement Project. Proceedings, 60th annual session of the Sri Lanka Association for the Advancement of Science (SLASS), Dec., 127.

 

Wijesuriya W.; Dissanayaka, D.M.A.P.; Wijeratne, M.; Edirisinghe, J.C.; Herath, H.; and Abeywardena, V. 2003. Preference ranking as a participatory tool in identifying farmers perceptions in planning effective dissemination programmes, RRI Journal, Vol 86, 32-37.

 

Perera, M. S.; Sivayoganthan, C.; and Wijeratne, M. 2003. Technical Knowledge and application of farming practices to Farmer Level Extension Communication of outgrower farmers of Sri Lankan Sugar Industry, Sugar Tech, Vol. 5 (3): 121-129.

 

Walgama, T.H.; Wijeratne, M.; and Wijeratne, V. 2002. Investigation of quality standards of milk and milk products in the locality of Kamburupitiya area, Proceedings, 58th annual session of the Sri Lanka Association of Advancement of Science (SLAAS), Colombo, Sri Lanka, Dec, 299.

 

Wijeratne, M. and De Silva, W.N. 1999. A Technology dissemination effort in IPM in rice farming, Proceedings of a seminar on Pest Control in the Next Millennium, Sri Lanka Association for the Advancement of Science (SLAAS) and University of Ruhuna, Colombo, 43 - 56.

 

SHORT COMMUNICATION

 

Wijeratne, M.; Garforth, C.J.; and De Silva, W.N. 1999. Effectiveness of Integrated pest management (IPM): an economic analysis. Proceedings, 55th annual session of the Sri Lanka Association for the Advancement of Science (SLAAS), Colombo, Sri Lanka, Dec., 253.

 

Walgama, T.H.; Wijeratne, M.; and Wijeratne, V. 2002. Investigation of quality standards of milk and milk products in the locality of Kamburupitiya area, Proceedings, 58th annual session of the Sri Lanka Association of Advancement of Science (SLAAS), Colombo, Sri Lanka, Dec, 299.

 

Wijeratne, M.; De Silva W.N.; and Sandika, A.L. 2003. Farmer categorization for an agricultural extension programme. Proceedings, 59th annual session of the Sri Lanka Association for the Advancement of Science (SLAAS), Colombo, Sri Lanka, Dec., 266.

 

Wasantha,M.T.H.N.; Wijeratne,W.;Sivarajah, P. 2003. Comparative analysis of costs incurred by seed growers, International Rice Research Notes, Vol. 29.1/2004, 83.

 

Wijeratne, M.; De Silva W.N.; and Sandika, A.L. 2004. Impact of farmer field schools on farmers knowledge: the IPM experience in Sri Lanka, International Rice Research Notes, Vol. 29.1/2004, 78.

 

Chandrika, H.L.; Jayasinghe, A.P.R.; and Wijeratne, M. 2004. Impact evaluation of alternative crops for a water short irrigation system: a case study of kirindi Oya Irrigation and Settlement Project Proceedings, 60th annual session of the Sri Lanka Association for the Advancement of Science (SLASS), Dec., 127.

 

Wijeratne, M.; Wickramaratne, M.A.P.D.P.; and De Silva W.N. 2005. Application of Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) techniques in rural development peogramme: Case study in Elpitiya watta village. Proceedings, 61st annual session of the Sri Lanka Association for the Advancement of Science (SLASS), Dec., 97.

 

Wijeratne, M.; Wickramaratne, M.A.P.D.P.; and De Silva W.N. 2005. Eco-system analysis of a village within Victoriya, Randenigala, Rantambe (VRR) sanctuary: Case study in Lihiniyagala village. Proceedings, 61st annual session of the Sri Lanka Association for the Advancement of Science (SLASS), Dec., 97-98.

 

Wijesuriya, W.; Dissanayaka, D.M.A.P.; Herath, H.M.L.K.; Wijeratne, M.; Edirisinghe, J.C.; and Abeywardena, O.V. 2004. Interactions between the environment, society and technology: smallholder rubber sector in Sri Lanka. Biometry conference , Australia. (accepted for publication).

Agricultural Extension, Agricultural Economics, Project Evaluation, Technology Transfer, Farming Systems Research and Extension (FSR/ E), Extension Management and Reforms, Extension Training, Participatory Rural Appraisal techniques (PRA)