Amaranthus viridis L.  

Kura thampala
Synonyms: Amaranthus gracilis (Desf.)
Vernacular Name: Sinhala: Kura thampala; Eng: green amaranth; Hin: chauraiya
Description: Monoecious annual herbs; stems erect or occasionally ascending, 1-8 (-10) dm long, sparingly to densely branched, striate, glabrous and usually becoming pubescent with multicellular hairs above. Leaves deltate-ovate to narrowly rhombic, blades 2-7 cm long, 1.5-5.5 cm wide, glabrous or lower surface pilose along the veins, apex usually narrow and with a small narrow emargination, petioles 1-10 cm long. Flowers green, in slender, axillary or terminal and often paniculate spikes, sometimes in axillary clusters in lower part of plant, both sexes mixed throughout the spikes, but pistillate flowers more numerous, bracts and bracteoles whitish, deltate-ovate to broadly lanceolate, membranous, with a short, pale or reddish awn; sepals 3 (4), those of staminate flowers ovate-oblong, ca. 1.5 mm long, apex acute, mucronate, those of pistillate flowers narrowly spatulate to oblong, 1.3-1.8 mm long, apex more or less mucronate; stigmas 2-3. Fruit subglobose, 1.3-1.5 mm long, not or only slightly exceeding the sepals, indehiscent or rupturing irregularly at maturity, conspicuously rugose throughout. Seeds dark brown to black, more or less shiny, slightly compressed, 1-1.3 mm long, reticulate and with shallow outgrowths on the reticulum
Propagation: By Seeds.
Part Used: Entire plant
Chemical Constituents: Plant: shows vitamin Br12-like action, saponin; Petrolem ether extract of plant : juvenomimetic activity
Uses :A decoction of the entire plant is used to stop dysentery and inflammation, The plant is emollient and vermifuge, The root juice is used to treat inflammation during urination, It is also taken to treat constipation, Yellow and green dyes can be obtained from the whole plant.