Elephantopus scaber (Linn)  

Vernacular Name: Sinhala: Ath-adi, Eng: Prickly leaves elephant’s foot, Hin: Gobhi,
Gojivha, Tam: Yanaiccuvati,
Description: A rigid herb, usually perennial with short root stock; leaves obovate-oblong, mostly radical forming a spreading rosette on the ground, hairy on both surfaces, 12.5-20 cm long and 3.8-5.7 cm broad; flowers purple in heads, heads numerous, closely packed; fruits achenes, pappus of 4-6 bristles dilated at the base.
Propagation: By seeds and vegetative method.
Parts Used: Roots, leaves, flowers.
Chemical Constituents: The plant contains hydroxylated germacrianolides, molephantin and molephantinin having cytotoxic and antitumour properties. Phantomolin and its cisepoxide, which exhibit potent inhibitory action on Ehrlich ascitis carcinoma and on Walker 256 carcinosarcoma cells. It also contains elephantin, elephantopin, deoxyelephantopin, iso-deoxyelephantopin and 11,1 3-dihydrodeoxyelephantopin alongwith a-curcumene, EElamyrin, lupeol, epifriedelanol and stigmasterol.
Uses: The plant is bitter, acrid, astringent, antipyretic constipating, diutetic and tonic. A
decoction of the roots and leaves is given dysuria, urethrorrhea, intermittent fevers,
diarrhoea and bronchitis. The root decoction is specific for haemorrhoids and a paste made out of leaves is very specific for skin diseases. The flowers are astringent, bitter, sweet, ophthalmic aphrodisiac and expectorant, and are recommended for vitiated conditions of pitta, hepatopathy ophthalmopathy, bronchitis, cough and swellings.